Legendary, London born Tim Berners-Lee is the man behind the invention of the World Wide Web, initially proposing the creation of a global hypertext project in 1989. The World Wide Web was born in 1991 and in its first two years, only text pages could be viewed on browsers. However, in 1993 the revolutionary Mosaic browser was created by Marc Anressen and Eric Bina and with it, London web design was born.
Credited as the first graphical browser, Mosaic allowed for the integration of design elements such as images and sounds. Moving away from text heavy pages, gave rise to web design and the formation of web agencies. To this day, popular browsers such as Google Chrome, Internet Explorer and Mozilla Firefox utilise many of the features of Mosaic’s innovative graphical user face and interactivity.
In order to ensure that companies could not monopolise the web with one browser and so programming language, in 1994 Tim Berners-Lee founded the World Wide Web standards organisation, the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C). This led to the rapid evolution of websites as a result of companies such as Microsoft and Netscape competing against one other to dominant the market. The birth of cascading style sheets (CSS), java script and dynamic HTML, between 1996 – 1998, has made London web design what it is today.
CSS was introduced by the W3C in 1996 and Microsoft’s first competitive browser, also released in 1996, was the first to support this. CSS revolutionised web design and for the first time, web designers could create complicated designs and multi column layouts. Netscape took a different approach, releasing Netscape Communicator code under an open source licence in 1998 and inviting web developers to create the software, which ultimately lead to the development of a complete application platform. Microsoft then raised the heat with the release of the Internet Explorer for Mac in 2000. It was the first browser that fully supported HTML 4.01, CSS 1 and.PNG image format. In the same year AOL bought Netscape, rendering Microsoft as the winners of the browser wars!
The invention of the World Wide Web has quite literally transformed the world. The digital revolution has improved worldwide communication on both a personal and a business level. Communication via the Internet relies upon effective design that can be understood. London web design lies at the heart of the world of digital communications and the future of the World Wide Web.